Jago Temple

Jago Temple is located on the valley of Bromo Mount, Tumpang Village, Tumpang District, Malang Regency. This temple was built with andesite stone in a stepped stone style. The ground plan of the temple is square 23.71 x 14 meters, with an existing height is 9.97 meters facing west heading. The temple foundation is in the form of stepped 3 stages, there is just a doorstep in the body temple and the roof temple is broken. The temple faces west and has 2 steps to connect each stage of the temple foundation. On the side of the temple, the foundation is decorated with reliefs of Tantri, Kunjakarna, Parthayajna, Arjunawiwaha, and Krisnayana. Several statues are found there, such as Amoghapasa Awalokiteswara and his cohort, Manjusri, and other Buddhist pantheons indicating that this temple has a Tantrayana Buddhism religion. In Negarakertagama is it stated that Jago Temple (Jajaghu) was the place to commemorate Wisnuwardhana King from Singhasari.

The shape is rectangular with a temple foundation with three terraces and the body temple at the rear of the highest terrace. The roof temple disappears. The construction of Jago Temple is getting up the more it shifts backward. Each level has an expansive terrace at the front but narrowly at the rear. Jago Temple is filled with relief panels that are neatly carved from the feet to the walls of the top room. There are almost no empty fields, all filled with decoration.

This temple was renovated during the Majapahit era by Adityawarman based on the findings of the Manjusri Inscription dated 1343 AD. This temple was first investigated by R.H.T Friederich in 1854, then continued by J.F.G Brumund (1855), Fergusson (1876), Veth (1874), J.L.A. Brandes (1904), and Stamford Raffles (1917). In 2015, Balai Pelestarian Peninggalan Purbakala Jawa Timur conducted a technical study to see the broken construction of the Jago Temple structure. Jago Temple became a National Ranked Cultural Heritage Building based on Ministerial Decree No. 203/M/2016.

Hindu and Buddhist backgrounds emerge in the narrative reliefs on the terrace walls. The descriptions are below:

1. The first stage contains stories from Tantri Kamandaka related to animal stories.

2. The second stage shows the story of Kunjaraka.

3. The third stage depicts Parthayajna showing five Pandava brothers.

4. The fourth stage describes the Arjunawiwaha story.

5. The fifth stage is specifically for the Krisnayana story, which focuses on Krishna.